I needed to install a static analysis framework in a linux environment to run against a production project. There was enough subtlety to the process to record my steps in setup. All commands were performed on a debian 7 VM.
Install and unpack from latest version. For me this was version 1.66.
Navigate to the install directory
Cppcheck requires some special make parameters to be properly configured. Specifically you need to specify where the cfg directory is. ** -j specifies –jobs and is the number of cores make will use in building. I have 4 so I might as well put them to work.